The Spanish magazine Panenka is dedicated to the romance of football. Covering amazing fan culture inside and outside the stadium.
The Collective is a curated community that brings together the people defining the future of football fan culture; a handpicked group of publishers, artists and organisations who are our belief that football is more than a game and has the power to unite people like nothing else does.
In the eighties, some Spanish football clubs succumbed to the power of radical and ultra groups. Most of those groups were politized; the relation among them, that sometimes turned into hate, explains some of the incidents starred by the violent members. In this map you can find the historical groups of Spanish football and their dominant ideology -not shared by all of their members-, and also some of the new groups that are relevant today in Spanish Primera and Segunda División. Some are growing and some are struggling to not fade away, despite the efforts of the clubs to make them disappear -the same clubs that, not so long ago, used them as ‘strike forces’.